A new study: How overpaid CEOs tank their firms
Quite interesting article, I will copy the summary of the paper here:
We find evidence that CEO pay is negatively related to future stock returns for periods up to three years after sorting on pay. For example, firms that pay their CEOs in the top ten percent of excess pay earn negative abnormal returns over the next three years of approximately -8%. The effect is stronger for CEOs who receive higher incentive pay relative to their peers. Our results appear to be driven by high-pay induced CEO overconfidence that leads to shareholder wealth losses from activities such as over investment and value-destroying mergers and acquisitions.
So, overpaying the CEO leads to worse stock performance, who woulda thought? It seems that some hedge fund managers (who often own controlling amounts of company stock) are now looking at pushing back because they see the ‘investment’ in compensation as a loser. (It is kind if ironic to me that hedge fund managers, who, as a class, are grossly overpaid, might wind up corralling CEO pay.) Nothing gets the attention of Wall Street types like consistently under performing the stock market, maybe this will result in a dampening of these idiotic baseball player compensation.
I am also not very sure about this statement:
Cooper, who previously ran a firm at Goldman Sachs, doesn’t go as far as to say that higher incentive pay causes overconfidence. Maybe executives who are overconfident just tend to demand higher remuneration. After all, the reason CEOs earn so much in the first place is largely a supply and demand effect, he says. Running a large firm requires a rare and specific skill set, and because so few people can do that, Cooper says, that bids up the price.
I know a thing or three about corporate management (got an MBA, after all, back when getting one actually meant something) and I can say with some assurance that while not everyone is capable of managing managers (what is necessary at the CEO level of large organizations), neither is it a skill so rare that baseball player salaries are necessary. Lots and lots (and lots!) of people, even without formal education, have the skill set to manage at that level so I can state with very high confidence that it doesn’t take multi-million dollar compensation packages to get people with these skill sets.
EU project to build lie detector for social media
I am not sure how practical this is, technically, as I see it as necessary to record the first occurrence of any new trend and there has to be many, many first occurrences that never turn into a trend. Also, they would have to record the origin of each occurrence, somehow classify its truthiness, _then_ track how it trends. An interesting technical challenge, something I think would be cool to try, but there are so many sources of nonsense you would have to monitor them all (for instance, how many times has some story made up on the Onion wound up being taken seriously by some nimrod who couldn’t be bothered with actually checking the source?) and to do so even when the networks get clogged with people pinging one another back and forth on the very same nonsense.
I would love to see it successful, though I have to say since I started responding to my relatives who spam me with nonsense by sending them a link to Snopes I have got a lot less of that type of spam. It is possible that they are now checking Snopes, but perhaps they just leave me off their distro list.
Judge Tosses Muslim Spying Suit Against NYPD, Says Any Damage Was Caused by Reporters Who Exposed It
Kind of amazing that someone would go on legal record spouting such nonsense, but then again, this is the sort of thing that happens regularly in our fucked up country (like when one of the richest in the country compare themselves to Jews in Nazi Germany). I suspect that eventually this ‘decision’ (made, as noted, before he bothered hearing oral arguments; why let the facts change his mind?) will get overturned, but it will be several years from now and likely at the Supreme Court (though they have shown somewhat of a willingness to let the federal govt commit as many crimes as it wants in the name of national security, this is a state (actually city) government doing so), but in the mean time this idiot has given cover for all the fascists (can they really be called anything else?) in government and law enforcement to get even more outrageous in their activity.
I was going to make a portentous statement about our looming police state, but is isn’t looming, it is hear and part of our society. We used to have a nice country, a few years ago, or maybe it was them rose covered glasses.
The Vampire Squid Strikes Again: The Mega Banks’ Most Devious Scam Yet
Banks are no longer just financing heavy industry. They are actually buying it up and inventing bigger, bolder and scarier scams than ever
I wrote earlier about Matt’s article detailing the aluminum manipulation, this is more or less a continuation that looks at the other commodities that are being jerked around. If it were only investor dollars (as opposed to hundreds of billions of taxpayer dollars; but of course, the taxpayer won’t get any of the return!) at least it would be OK when the house of cards came down, but now that the too big to jail companies are doing it, not only will they be bailed out yet again with even more taxpayer dollars (privatized reward, but the public pays for all the risk), but the global economy will take a huge hit as well. All part of the looming apocalypse that is going to dick us all in the ass in the not-to-distant future (if I could only predict correctly it this time, dammit; I saw the housing implosion coming but my efforts to take advantage of it were horribly timed), better make sure you have fuel for your generator (you did get a generator, didn’t you?) and canned food stockpiled!
Movie Date Night Can Double as Therapy
An interesting idea, to use Hollywood movies as therapy. This article is focused on marriage therapy, I wonder if it could work on PTSD, depression, etc. Anyway, my wife and I rewatched the US remake of Shall We Dance the other day and she was asking me why I liked the movie so much (it was me making the pick, she joined me after I started watching it). I kind of surprised myself at how passionate I was about explaining my thoughts. Yes, I really like looking at JLo’s butt, but I didn’t watch Halle Berry’s Catwoman because the movie sucked so bad, so a hot woman isn’t enough to get me to watch a movie the first time, let alone many times. To me the reason I like the story so much is because of the emotional interplay between Richard Gere’s character and Susan Sarandon’s character (husband and wife, if you haven’t seen the movie). They are still in love with one another after all those years together (probably 20+), but he is embarrassed because he feels something is missing. He doesn’t want to upset his wife by explaining this, because he is very happy with their life together, but at the same time desperately wants to make a change. I enjoy seeing them work things out in their relationship (and yes, JLo’s butt) and like rewatching it sort of like rereading a good book.
I tried to convince my wife that the movie Mystery Alaska really wasn’t about hockey just like Shall We Dance really isn’t about dancing, but I don’t get the impression she was able to see it that way. To me Mystery Alaska is mostly about the Russell Crowe’s character coming to the realization that the woman he loves really didn’t make any unhappy sacrifices to stay with him, though for much of the movie he feels very threatened by that thought (and does become a bit of a dick). Anyway, I can see movies being good starts for a therapy discussion and can help break the ice on some difficult discussions and thought my reader(s) might find it interesting as well.
The placebo effect even works for sleep
New research suggests we perform better on cognitive tests if we’re told we had a good night’s sleep
Regular reader(s) will know I am interested in the placebo effect, this article is another interesting one where they create a sham exam that ‘measures’ how much REM sleep you have had (as a supposed proxy for how good a night of sleep you had), then, after randomly telling the subject they either had a good or poor night’s sleep, they then administered a cognitive test. Those who were told they had a good night’s sleep did much better on the test than those who were told they had a poor sleep (independent of how the subject initially reported they felt they did). Man, the human mind is so damn mutable, sometimes it amazes me that we get anything done. Perhaps our geniuses are simply people who have so convinced themselves that they are smart that it becomes a self-fulfilling prophecy.
Now, if they could just make this work so people could get away from taking drugs (say, for pain, depression, etc.)…
Blind eye to scientific fraud is dangerous
I debated blogging about the above article. When I read it I was motivated, but as I started to think about what I would write that would be different than stuff I wrote before I couldn’t think of anything to add. The anti-science attitude here in the US seems stronger than ever and poised to get stronger still, but that is old news. That people would rather believe in nonsense spoken to them forcefully and with authority rather than take 10 minutes to do their own research is also old news. However, I decided I would bring this to the attention of my reader(s) in case they might be interested in someone else’s take.
Unless you have been living under a rock, you know that Target (and several others) have recently been hacked at their point of sale (POS) terminals to the tune of 10’s of millions of credit cards. Back in the ‘old days’ when it was a whole lot of work to take advantage of a stolen credit card it made a lot of sense for the credit card companies to simply bake in a percentage of fraud and just get the customers to deal with it (note that the real customers of the CC companies are the merchants, NOT the consumer). However, now that CCs can be stolen by the millions and monetized quickly and entirely remotely this strategy is now biting the CC companies on the ass. Sure, with data mining they can identify a lot of fraud and take steps to minimize it, but since they push this cost on to their customers at some point the customers are going to balk. The core of the problem is that when you use the CC at the POS the merchant (and by extension anyone who has hacked the merchant’s POS hardware) now has all the information to make any number of unauthorized purchases. If we had smart cards that produced a one-time encrypted, signed token, ‘stealing’ this information would be entirely pointless. While it is not trivial to make such a system bulletproof, even a naive implementation would immediately eliminate any value from stealing the CC information and likely make the cost of fraud orders of magnitude higher. Of course, in the real world it is very hard to get anyone to change AND there is a huge amount of money to be made in converting to a new system so none of the current actors actually want to have open standards. However, I predict that the current paradigm will end soon (decade or so) because the fraud costs are going up on nearly a daily basis and I am quite sure that merchants are about ready to switch to cash-only to avoid the increasing percentage the CC companies are charging them. Of course, the merchants simply pass this cost onto their customers (us), but because of the highly competitive nature of (true capitalistic (not that we really have a lot of that here in the good old USofA)) competition, if a merchant can give a consumer a 10% discount for paying with cash (and maintain the same or better margins) I bet that would attract a lot of attention.
I was motivated to write this post after reading this other blog post:
Dispute Resolution Systems for Security Protocols
It is not totally relevant to my post, but here it is in case you are curious. I didn’t read the paper the post refers to, because, as mentioned in my post and a couple of the comments (as usual, the comments are very interesting (well, if you are interested in infosec, anyway)) the paper is addressing the wrong problem.
Mobile Marketing from xkcd:
To me this really speaks to the phrase ‘think outside the box’. Problem: customer wants to increase visits to their website. Solution: trigger a wave of website visits by playing on the viral aspects of social media (how many people would simply forward the text without bothering to check out the news sites?). Sure, every other news site also gets increased traffic, but the customer didn’t specify they _didn’t_ want that in their initial requirements. The solution is simple, quick and effective.
Of course, solutions like this are bound to trigger upset by the customer’s user community. This is why contracts today are a dozen pages of tiny print.
The Bill Nye-Ken Ham Debate Was a Nightmare for Science
In a much-hyped showdown, “the Science Guy” tried to defend evolution against creationist Ken Ham, and proved how slick science-deniers can be. How did the guy who’s right go so wrong?
I didn’t watch the debate, though I gave passing thought at one point because Nye has historically been pretty good at explaining science and I figured it might be entertaining. However, I am glad I didn’t waste my time; apparently Nye is totally incapable of explaining science to non-believers and, at least based on the above article and another couple I read, did Creationism a huge boost by sounding totally clueless. The anti-science attitude here in the US is getting stronger each year (or it sure seems to me) and while it is possible to make some progress on a technological level without understanding how science works (presuming you consider something like smartphones and Facebook ‘progress’), fundamental advances require fundamental understanding of science which is generally incompatible with an acceptance of a literal interpretation of the bible. It is not necessary to believe in one or the other exclusively (as I suggest here science is indeed build on faith); I know people who are quite religious but also have a strong belief in science (personally I have a problem reconciling that, but I also believe in a lot of ‘sketchy’ things science wise, so who am I to judge?). I believe the Catholic Pope is on record as saying there is no conflict between science and religion. Anyway, my point is if you are going to let your critical thinking skills be driven by an unshakeable belief that science is bunkum because it says the world is older than 6,000 years, I find it incredibly hard to believe you can ever make any sort of meaningful contribution to advancing society.
Just to bring it to the fore, the article mentions the “Red Queen Hypothesis” that posits evolution, on average, is driven by competition between the organism and its parasites/predators as both evolve to get better and better at their respective jobs. (Note that there is also a theory called “Punctuated Evolution” that posits that most evolution happens over short (geologically speaking) timescales and the vast majority of the time nothing really happens. This is where the Red Queen steps in to explain why there is a steady state of extinction in between the punctuations.) Anyway, thought my reader(s) might be interested in the Red Queen but might not read the article, so wanted to point it out.